The Auditory tube (AT) extends from the anterior wall of the middle ear to the lateral wall of the nasopharynx, approximately at the level
of the inferior nasal concha. The pharyngeal orifice of AT being an important landmark for endoscopic avaliation in patients with chronic
otitis and also for the transnasal approach to the infratemporal fossa, the present study was undertaken to locate the pharyngeal orifice of
auditory tube in relation to the important anatomical landmarks in fetuses and adults.
Material and methods
The study was carried out on 25 sagittal head and neck sections of adult formalin fixed cadaversand 25 sagittal head and neck sections of
fetuses. The anatomical landmarks with reference to AT taken were upper border of C1 vertebra, posterior end of hard palate (HP),
midpoint of choana (PC), tip of uvula (U) and midpoint of floor of sphenoid sinus (SP). The distances from these landmarks to the
pharyngeal orifice of AT were measured using digital vernier calipers.
The mean and standard deviations of the distances were calculated and tabulated. All the measured distances were higher on left side
except AT to SP in fetuses, whereas in adults all the distances were higher on left except for AT to U. Differences were not statically
As the pharyngeal orifice of AT is an important landmark for endoscopic availation in patients with chronic otitis, so the present study
would be useful to locate the pharyngeal orifice of AT in relation to important anatomical landmarks.